Small town enclosed in walls of the XII-XIII century, Bassett is located 562 meters above sea level, completely surrounded by oak and beech forests.
The Bassett origins seem to get lost in the mists of time. The etymology of the name could perhaps go back into existence on site of a “fundus Bass” (possession of such Bassus), which later became “Bassianus” with the suffix indicating the possession or property.
The foundation of the settlement of the XII-XIII century. It is attributed to the destruction of another early medieval settlement, with an adjoining monastery, located on the plains at “Cornet”, in 1159 by the troops of Frederick Barbarossa.
After this destruction, the citizens and the surviving monks decided to move to a naturally backcourt, or on the hill where now Bassett.
The population settled at the top, the “Majura”, defending it with a fortified wall (this is when the presence of the tower-houses), while the small Benedictine Community built a monastery with a church dedicated to St. Mary. Assumption, the current Santa Maria.
Later, between the end of the thirteenth century and the beginning of the fourteenth, under the dominion of the Caetani, the entire village, including the monastery with the church, it was enclosed by a new fortification system, the current medieval walls.
The medieval period is the Castle, which, after being feud of Joan of Roccafoglia, passed into the possession of Antonella and Antonello Ranisio of San Massimo.
In 1297, Pietro Caetani bought it from Annibaldi and, in 1303, he obtained from his uncle Boniface VIII confirmation of possession of a large area that included, in addition to Bassiano, Ninfa Also, a part of Norma, San Donato and San Felice .
And then for a short time, it was dominated by Ladislas of Durazzo, King of Naples (1386-1414), son of Charles III. The feud finally returned under Caetani, has remained (except the parenthesis of the domination of the Borgia, in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century), and until the last century, these gentlemen who boast, so the title “Principles of Bassiano”.
Do not miss the typical product par excellence: Ham Bassett, in the small village in the province of Latina, is an age-old traditional product of the Lepine Mountains. Its main features, which distinguish it from the others, are trimming the rind until the stem and its long aging, even a year and a half long, which makes it especially tasty. It is an easily recognizable product, thanks to its particular anatomical shape, its red color and the taste decidedly tending to savory.
E ‘was found that the production area, Bassiano and its territory, has a particularly optimum microclimate for the long aging of this type of ham. The production process of Bassiano ham begins with the selection of the animals; Once slaughtered, usually in the winter months, although in most modern laboratories also takes place throughout the course of the year, thighs undergo a double salting.